How to make reflective clothing?
How to make reflective clothing? Reflective clothing is made of ordinary clothing with reflective materials. Reflective materials include reflective heat transfer vinyl and reflective fabrics.
Iron on reflective tape for clothing can be transferred to clothes by a heat press machine and made into reflective clothing.
Reflective fabrics are directly sewed on the clothing, made into safety clothes, etc.
Weallight is a reflective material manufacturer, wholesale all kinds of reflective fabric, reflective sheeting, safety vest, and so on.
1 Reflective materials development
The development of reflective materials is an important achievement of human progress in science and technology. In 1920, by studying the reflection of light when the cat’s eye was exposed to light at night, it was found that a cat’s eye stone could be used to make a reflection of the road, increasing the safety factor of the road. In 1930, people began to use smaller diameter glass beads to create roadmap reflective surface. Directional reflection effect is better. In 1937, 3M invented a new material called reflective film, marking the birth of the world’s first reflective film. In 1940s, 3M also launched “engineering grade” reflective film for road traffic signs. Today, 3M has developed 3M Scotchlite reflective products. Its reflective product has a reflective intensity of 500cd/ (Lx·m²). Japan began to produce reflective materials in 1960s, mainly for road safety marks in traffic, mines and factories. In 1975, the standard JISZ9117 for safety reflectors and reflectors was developed in 1975. Other countries that produce reflective materials include Germany, Italy, Finland, Denmark, Sweden and so on.
China has developed reflective materials from 1960. Since 1980s, with the rapid development of traffic and other transportation businesses, more and more attention has been paid to the research and development of reflective materials. In the middle of 1980s, China began to research and develop civil reflective fabrics. At present, the application of reflective materials in China is more and more extensive. The scale of production has been basically formed, and the quality of products has been improved. The reflective cloth has reached the international EN 20471 standard.
Reflective materials, also known as retro reflective materials or retroreflective materials. The reflective principle of reflective materials is to induce a high refractive index glass bead or three prism microcrystal lattice on the surface of reflective material. When the light is irradiated on the surface of the material, most of the light can be concentrated in a very small angle to reflect back to the light source and form a regressive reflection phenomenon. Because the reflective material has the function of regressive reflection, that is, it has more visual effects than other non-reflective materials, it can significantly improve its visibility, so that the people in the light source can easily find the target, effectively avoid the accident and ensure the safety of the person.
Reflective materials include reflective film, reflective ink, reflective marking paint, reflective cloth, reflective leather, reflective ribbon and reflective safety silk fabric. The reflective materials used in clothing are as follows:
2.1 reflective cloth
Reflective cloth is made up of wide angle, exposed retroreflective lens, sticky particles and durable fabric. It is mainly divided into three categories: heat sensitive, pressure sensitive and sewing type. The thermosensitive transfer film is made up of the wide angle and reversion of reflective glass beads glued to the thermal active adhesive. It is used together with different fabrics at a certain temperature, pressure and appropriate time. It can also be used for welding, lettering, screen printing, embossing and rolling. The pressure sensitive transfer film is bonded to durable fabric. The wide angle and the exposed reflexive glass bead are made up, and the pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) is coated on the back of the cloth bottom and can be directly attached to the fabric. The sewing type reflective cloth is composed of the wide angle and the return reflection glass beads glued to the back lining of various fabric. It has a strong cloth base and is usually sewn on other fabrics or substrates.
The reflective cloth is easy to use and can be directly cut and processed. It can be used in large area and local splicing, and can be further processed into reflective strip and reflective strip. It is widely used in safety clothing, sportswear, leisure clothes, outdoor bags, shoes and hats and baby cars. It can also be used as a personal DIY material and cut into the required shape. Sewing, embroidery, etc.
2.2 reflective wire
Reflective wire, also called anti light, is a yarn with its own reflective effect. The reflective wire is divided into two kinds: one side cut film and two side cut film. The smallest size can be 0.5mm. There is a reflective twisting line, which is made of reflective wire and yarn. These reflective threads can be used to weave ribbons or embroidery, and knitted machines can also be made into knitted fabrics. Adding some reflective yarn in the shuttle fabric can make some special reflective effects, such as woven reflective strips, reflective fabric, and knitted socks, hats, scarves and other products to improve night visibility, both safety and fashion.
2.3 Reflective printing cloth
The reflective printing cloth is a reflective pattern on the general fabric, which can make the fabric have a full range of reflective effect, and can be used as a garment fabric and other products. The reflective product is only the limitation of the use of the auxiliary materials, so that the effect of the finished product is more obvious. According to the different process, the different reflective prints are divided into three kinds: one is the traditional printing, the main means is screen printing, it is a kind of small reflective glass bead printed ink with the effect of reflection. The fine beads are mixed in the ink and will be randomly reflected to the light on the fabric. Effect; two is the reflective film covering, usually processed by heat transfer, such as PES and TPU reflective film, through the laser or knife carving, cutting out different shapes of reflective printing patterns or LOGO trademarks, bonded to the fabric through the heat transfer mode; three is floral reflective printing, the use of composite coating technology to compound the reflective pattern composite to composite to composite coating technology compound to compound to light patterns to the composite coating technology to compound to On all kinds of fabrics.
At present, on the market, an upgraded version of the reflective printing cloth is presented. On the basis of high reflective brightness and distance, it is more delicate to show the color and pattern of the reflective color. After lighting, it can produce a very strong iridescent effect, the light source is different, the pattern is different, and the relative reflective effect is also different. Reflective printed cloth is widely used in clothing, shoes and caps and so on.
2.4 Reflective leather
Reflective leather is a reflective material formed by the advanced technology, which is composed of the reflective layer formed by glass bead and PVC, PU and other polymer materials. The PVC reflector leather is pressed on another PVC film or leather by high-voltage frequency machine. It has the characteristics of high reflection coefficient, good reflection performance and wide applicability. Can be divided into UV embossed reflective leather, reflective color snakeskin pattern reflective leather, bright silver snakeskin pattern reflective leather etc.. Reflective leather can produce all kinds of exquisite reflective trademarks and other accessories. It is widely used in clothing, fashion bags, bags, sports shoes, tourist products and so on.
2.5 Reflective lattice band (bar)
The reflective lattice band is composed of high reflective micro prisms glued to flexible, glossy and anti UV polymeric membranes. It has higher reflective strength and gloss, excellent rain performance and easier coloring. The reflective lattice strips are mainly used as clothing materials or ornaments. They are made into reflective clothes and various professional suits. They are widely used in traffic management, highway maintenance, road rescue, firefighting safety signs, sanitation, and city management. It can be used in field activities and equipment for night workers, and also in casual clothes, sportswear, fashion, hats, gloves, and back. The application of bags and other products.
3 Application of reflective materials in clothing
3.1 reflective materials used in high visibility warnings
The occupational clothing of road traffic workers, air ground crew, firefighters, sanitation workers, miners and rescuers is highly visible warning clothing. The reflective materials used in High Visibility clothing are usually glass bead and Microgrid. They are made up of color fluorescent materials and reflective materials. Because of the double effect of fluorescence and reflective light, the wearer can form a distinct contrast with the surrounding environment in the daytime or nighttime (or dark background), and it can be clearly visible to the surrounding environment, thus playing a safe and protective role for the relevant employees. There are laws all over the world stipulate that outdoor workers must wear high visibility warning clothing. The United States and European countries pay special attention to the high visibility warnings. The American Standard ANSI/ISEA107 “high visibility warning clothes and head supplies” and the European standard EN471 “high visibility warning suit” are set up respectively. In 1990s, China Railway and public security industry formulated the warning clothing industry standard and issued the application. Other industries also have a certain degree of application of dispensing, and have achieved better protection effect. The GB20653 2006 occupational high visibility warning clothing issued by the National Standards Commission has been officially implemented since July 1, 2007. Now, warning clothes have become the professional clothing of public security, fire, sanitation, emergency, transportation, petroleum and petrochemical industry or dangerous goods industry. It has gradually become the standard configuration. It is an indispensable personal safety protective equipment in the work and life of a particular person.
3.2 Application of reflective materials in sports casual wear
With the rapid development of the city and the quickening pace of life, more and more people go out of the house at night, take exercise and various social activities in the public places, such as outdoor, urban street or square, and gradually increase the hidden danger of personal safety, and sports leisure clothing with the features of night visual function emerges as the times require. Some of these reflective clothes and sportswear, some use the reflective cloth to cut and splice; some use thin film to transfer and burn, by machine laser cutting graphics, designed and made into different shapes of reflective patterns; some also add light zipper, reflective ribbon, reflective strip, or use reflective wire in local line. These materials are suitable for making small batch processing and production design, fewer restrictions, operability is high. Some of the clothes, too, seem to have regular small prints in the daytime, but in fact, it is a decorative decoration that turns the whole dress into a shiny silver grey when it is illuminated at night. These clothing with reflective performance, while improving the beauty and fashion of leisure sports clothing, and at the same time pay attention to the features that can be recognized at night, and can cater to the actual needs of the crowd.
3.3 Reflective materials used in school uniforms
According to the national standard of the school of traffic safety reflective school uniform of primary and middle school students issued by the Chinese state in 2013, the traffic safety reflective school uniform of primary and middle school students refers to the school uniforms of primary and middle school students who have strong inverse reflection performance and can significantly improve the identity of the wearer under the light of light source. The standard clearly stipulates that the front and back of the uniform coat, the side and the rear of the double sleeves, and the sides of the trousers should be sewn with the reflective cloth to ensure that the reflective light on the traffic safety reflective school uniform can be observed from any angle in the range of 360 degrees. The distance between the double sleeve reflective cloth sewing (paste) system and the cuff should not be less than 50mm. The reflective cloth made on the back of the coat should not be completely blocked by the student’s bag. With the traffic safety of primary and middle school students getting more and more attention, the new GB/T31888 national standard of primary and secondary school uniform mentioned the configuration of the reflective school uniform again.
3.4 Reflective materials used in other costumes
Backlight backpack: there is a local reflective cloth splicing, a heat transfer reflective LOGO, or a large area of the use of reflective printing cloth or a variety of techniques at the same time; a reflective hat: the brim uses the reflective material, or the printed reflective marking LOGO; the reflective rain gear: the reflective umbrella is common two kinds, one kind of umbrella with the reflective piping fabric, Another kind of umbrella surface is made of reflective printing fabric; the reflective raincoat is designed with the edge and the brim, and the reflective shoes, leather shoes and leisure shoes, use reflective leather. Sports shoes brand is generally LOGO, vamp by film transfer pyrographic, some use only reflective shoelaces.
Besides, there are reflective wristbands, reflective riding clothing, reflective clothing, volunteers clothing, clothing accessories, etc., all of which use reflective materials more or less.
4 Application prospect of reflective materials in clothing
4.1 All countries in the world use regulations or encouragement to publicize the use of reflective materials
At present, the market of reflective materials in the world is on the right track. The application field of products is becoming more and more wide and more and more pertinent. The national standards or industry standards have been set up for various countries in the world for different uses of reflective professional clothing. The Beijing women’s and children’s Work Committee has launched an intervention program to prevent children from accidental injuries. One of the projects is to require children to wear reflective belts on their schoolbags so that they can improve their attention to children and reduce the probability of children’s traffic accidents. In western developed countries such as Europe and America, the standardized use of reflective materials is also one of the important basis for insurance compensation, and the use of regulations or encouragement is adopted or publicizing the use of reflective materials, such as bad working conditions or dark environment, the staff must wear high visual clothing and distinguish the line of sight of rain, fog, snow and night. In a poor environment, old people and children have to wear or wear signs or clothing with reflective materials; Swiss kindergartens and primary schools send scarves, bags and hats with reflective signs after the arrival of new students; in France, cyclists need to wear highly recognized clothes at night. In conclusion, the application of reflective materials has greatly improved the safety of people in the environment of light shortage.
4.2 Application and development of reflective materials in clothing
The use of reflective materials in the past is small in size, simple in form, in the division of structural lines with basic reflective strip, edge or small area of reflective detail printing, such as a small mark, a small number of dots. It is now gradually added to the application area, rich in form, more of a sense of design and innovative development, from a single basic reflective detail to a variety of directions. At present, there are some complex patterns of reflective printing. The design of clothing should be balanced from the function and the shape. The reflective elements are embedded in the decoration. It is necessary to meet the requirements of consumers and provide recognition to ensure safety. Retro reflective elements, LED, phosphorescent coatings, weatherproof, adaptability, sensitivity and other reflective elements are the current trend of development. The use of reflective materials on clothing is not only the trend of international fashion, but also the embodiment of fashion and safety. At present, a large number of reflective elements have been used in the design of major sports brands, and the form of use is becoming more and more abundant. Retro Reflective Material Makes Night Cycling Safer And Fashionable: On the basis of beauty and practicality, the clothing has been added to the security function, and the safety guarantee is provided for night run, night workers and workers in poor light conditions.
5 Application and development of reflective materials in clothing
With the development of society, people’s living standard is gradually improving, and awareness of safety protection is increasingly emphasized. The rational application of reflective materials in clothing can not only improve the beauty and fashion of the clothing, but also enhance the functionality of the clothing. It can also play a warning role in the emergency and improve the safety factor. The application of reflective materials in clothing will gradually expand with the increasing safety awareness of people, and has good prospects for development.